Studia Iranica, vol. 37 (2008)
Vol. 37/1 (2008)
• H. BORJIAN, Two Mazandarani Texts from the Nineteenth Century, p. 7-49.
This article transcribes, translates, and compiles a glossary for two Mazandarani texts written in 1889 in the town of Barforush and published as facsimiles by Jacques de Morgan. The language of the texts, Mazandarani or New Tabari, is fundamentally similar to that spoken today by more than three million people in the Persian province of Mazandaran, located south of the Caspian Sea. However, there are several extinct words and grammatical traits in the texts, which could be identified only by drawing on other surviving Mazandarani documents of the same period. The texts are meant to contribute to the study of the largely understudied language of Mazandaran, a northwestern Iranian language. They may also serve as historical documents, for they relate certain events in such details not found in other sources. Ample historical remarks follow the texts.
Keywords : New Tabari ; Mazandarani language ; Caspian dialects ; Iranian languages ; textual analysis ; nineteenth century manuscripts ; anti-Semitism ; Persian history.
• D. BUYANER, Passive Perfect Construction in the Pahlavi Text Stâyishn î sîh rôzâg, p. 51-56.
The paper deals with a peculiar Middle Persian syntactic construction (the verb of the subordinate clause in the present, that of the main clause expressed with a past participle) occurring occasionally in the Pahlavi text Stâyishn î sîh rôzâg. Its closeness to the long discussed dâd bawêd construction is established and a hypothesis is suggested, according to which the early stage of Middle Persian verbal system was based on aspect opposition, while the new one represents a pure tense system. The construction in question probably played an eminent role in the older system and became marginal in the new one.
Keywords : Middle Persian ; Pahlavi ; verb ; syntactic construction ; passive perfect.
• W. FLOOR, Weights and Measures in Qajar Iran, p. 57-115.
This is an annotated list of weights and measures used during the Qajar period, reported by Persian and European sources. It aims to assist scholars in comparing these terms with their equivalents in the metric system.
Keywords : Qajar ; Pahlavi ; economy ; weights and measures ; modernization.
• R. GYSELEN, Notes numismatiques sassanide et arabo-sassanide, p. 119-128.
• A. ERKINOV, Un témoin important du mécénat de Muhammad-‘Alî Khân, le manuscrit Supplément Persan 1446 de la BnF, p. 129-138.
Comptes rendus, p. 135-157
• ALRAM, Michael, Rika GYSELEN, Sylloge Nummorum Sasanidarum Paris – Berlin – Wien. Band I : Ardashir I. – Shapur I., Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, 2003, pp. 404 including 50 plates [ISBN : 3 7001-3224-7], par Susan Tyler-Smith.
• NASSIRI-MOGHADDAM, Nader, L’archéologie française en Perse et les antiquités nationales (1884-1914), Éditions Connaissances et Savoirs, Paris, 2004, 433 p. [ISBN : 2-7539-0006-X], par Ali Mousavi.
• SCHMITT, Rüdiger, Iranische Anthroponyme in den erhaltenen Resten von Ktesias’ Werk, Iranica Graeca Vetustiora. III, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, 2006, 315 p. [ISBN : 3-7001-3606-4], par Philippe Gignoux.
• SCHMITT, Rüdiger, Das Iranische Personennamenbuch : Rückschau, Vorschau, Rundschau, (mit einer Bibliographie zur Iranischen Personennamenkunde), Iranische Onomastik, Nr.1, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, 2006, 56 p. [ISBN : 978-3-7001-3719-1], par Philippe Gignoux.
Vol. 37/2 (2008)
• Ph. GIGNOUX, Le site de Bandiân revisité, p. 163-174.
In two issues of Studia Iranica (27/2, 33/1), M. Rahbar presented the results of his excavations realized in the 1990s on the site of Bandiān near Dargaz (North Khorasan). The excavated monument is not only remarkable for its bas-reliefs (scenes of battle, hunt, banqueting…) but also for its five Middle Persian inscriptions. These were carved on the walls of four-column large room. The Iranian archeologist has interpreted this complex as a Fire Temple, which Bahrām V would have erected in commemoration of his victory upon the Huns / Hephtalites. The present author would like to consider the monument as the sumptuous house, maybe, of a marzbān, built in the fifth century, in relation with the Armenian data which attests the same names of the persons mentioned on the bas-reliefs.
Keywords : Sasanids ; reliefs ; Middle Persian inscriptions ; Sacred Fire ; archaeology.
• C. G. CERETI, On the Pahlavi cursive script and the Sasanian Avesta, p. 175-195.
The compilation of the Avesta in the Avestan alphabet has been assigned to different periods of the Sasanian rule, or even to the early Islamic period. Here the author rediscusses the evidence provided by the Pahlavi books and other sources, which in great majority point toward the existence of a Sasanian Avesta. In the second part of the article, he aims at demonstrating that the cursive variant of the Pahlavi alphabet was already in use by the very end of the 5th century AD or, at the latest, by the beginning of the 6th century. In order to do so, he discusses Middle Persian inscriptions, seals, and coins.
Keywords : Avesta ; alphabet ; Middle Persian ; Pahlavi ; Sasanian period ; Zoroastrianism.
• D. T. POTTS, The Sasanian relationship with South Arabia : Literary, epigraphic and oral historical perspectives, p. 197-213.
The nature and significance of Sasanian involvement in the Arabian peninsula is a topic on which scholars often disagree. This paper examines three episodes in the history of Sasanian-South Arabian relations, offering new interpretations of a) Ardašir’s conquests and the Sasanian presence at Šihr ; b) the South Arabian embassy to Ctesiphon and the birth of Šāpur II ; and c) the Sasanian conquest of South Arabia in the 6th century A.D. Finally, some overlooked testimony on the Sasanian conquest which survived in the oral tradition of Oman into the late 19th century will be discussed.
Keywords : Sassanides ; Yémen ; Ardašir I ; Šāpur II ; Mazūn ; Oman.
• A. LENEPVEU-HOTZ, Considérations sur les morphèmes hamē, -ē et bi- à l’aune d’un texte persan du XIe siècle, le Tārīx-i Sīstān, p. 215-240.
The Early New Persian grammatical morphems hamē, -ē and bi- are traditionally analysed as follows : hamē as a durative or repetitive verbal particle ; -ē as a suffix (or enclitic) for habit and hypothesis ; bi- as a prefix, marker of perfective aspect, or at elast of emphasis. However a close analysis of the Tārīx-i Sistān proves that there are also other uses, which can even contradict these habitual theories. Thus hamē also expresses, it could even be sais mostly expresses, concomitance. For -ē, the meaning of habit can also be used to name and to define properties of places or people. And bi- is a marker of rhematicity, and not of a semelfactive and punctual action.
Keywords : Early New Persian ; hamē ; -ē ; bi- ; verbal system ; aspect.
• S. AUBE, La Mosquée bleue de Tabriz (1465) : remarques sur la céramique architecturale qarā qoyunlu, p. 241-277.
The Blue Mosque of Tabriz, founded in 1465 during the Qarā Qoyunlu dynasty and still unachieved when the tow fell under the domination of the Āq Qoyunlu, remains one of the few vestiges of the capital city of these two Turkmen dynasties. The article attempts to recount the history of the mosque since its foundation until it recent reconstruction during the 20th century. More specifically, the remarkable quality of its tilework brings about the question of the artistic patronage by the Turkmen courts in Tabriz. While this tilework shares the artistic heritage with the Timurids, it also shows features that are uncommon in the second half of the 15th century.
Keywords : Tabriz ; Qarā Qoyunlu ; Āq Qoyunlu ; tilework ; “blue-and-white” ; lustre.
• R. GYSELEN, Sources sassanides et prosopographie sur l’Antiquité tardive : Note de lecture (B. Dignas et E. Winter, Rome and Persia in Late Antiquity…, Cambridge University Press 2007), p. 281-298
Comptes rendus, p. 301-316
• CHEHABI, Houchang, ed., Distant relations. Iran and Lebanon in the last 500 years, I.B. Tauris, London, 2006 [ISBN : 1 86064-561-5], par Sabrina Mervin.
• GYSELEN, Rika, ed., Contributions à l’histoire et la géographie historique de l’empire sassanide, Res Orientales, XVI, Bures-sur-Yvette, 2004 [ISSN : 1142-2831 ; ISBN : 2-9521376-0-9], par Karin Mosig-Warburg.
• VAN RUYMBEKE, Christine, ed., “Mais comment peut-on être persan ?” Eléments iraniens en Orient & Occident. Liber Amicorum Annette Donckier de Donceel, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Peeters, Leuven, 2003, par Charles-Henri de Fouchécour.