Studia Iranica, vol. 40 (2011)
Vol. 40/1 (2011)
• H. BORJIAN, “The Dialect of Kuhpāya”, p. 7-68.
Kuhpāyi is a Central Dialect spoken in Kupā township and its piedmont villages, east of Isfahan. While it shares many traits with other Northwestern Iranian dialects of the central Iranian Plateau, Kuhpāyi has many characteristics of its own. In historical phonology, it shows some remarkable Southwestern Iranian features, as in hass “eight.” Peculiar in its phonological structure is the central vowel /ə/, which harmonizes in the verbal forms. The dialect’s transitional characteristic is exemplified in the unstable position of the durative marker before the stem. The past tenses of transitive verbs have an ergative inflexion, with the agential affixes shifting from the verb to the preceding word, including the subject itself—a trait found in no other known Central Dialect. This article studies the diachronics and grammar of Kuhpāyi, followed by texts and by a glossary based on the documentation gathered by the author’s on this vanishing dialect.
Keywords : Central Plateau dialects ; Northwestern Iranian languages ; Kupā ; Isfahan.
• A. AKOPYAN & F. MOSANEF, “Billon coinage of Shams al-Dīn Eldigüz and his circle (531-571 H./1136-1225 CE)”, p. 69-98
This study deals with the billon coinage of Eldigüz, his vassals, and the Saljuqid of Iraq Sulṭān Muḥammad II, kept in several different collections. A catalogue and an analysis of these coins are given in this paper. In particular, two vassals of Eldigüz, namely his vizier Abū’l-Barakāt and his atabeg Ayāz, come to light due to the coins described here.
Keywords : Islamic numismatics ; Eldigüzids ; Saljuqids of Iraq ; Ādharbayjān.
• E. FOUACHE, Cl. COSANDEY, P. WORMSER, M. KERVRAN & R. A. LABBAF KHANIKI, “The River of Nishapur”, p. 99-119
From the tenth to the fourteenth centuries, Arab and Persian geographers often alluded to the river of Nishapur, also called Wādi Saghāwar, in their descriptions of the city of Nishapur. Today, one or other of two torrents could be identified as this river : the torrent of Mirābād or the torrent of Buzhān. The question will be dealt with through analysis of the geomorphological and hydrological dynamics within their geological, tectonic and climatic contexts. We then compare the descriptions found in ancient texts with the present-day situation and data provided by archaeology. This study aims to show that the river of Nishapur corresponds to the torrent of Buzhān, but whatever important its role may have been, it could not on its own have acted as the main provider of the city’s water supply.
Keywords : historical geography ; geomorphology ; Nishapur ; river of Nishapur ; Holocene ; Iran.
• J. DUCHESNE-GUILLEMIN, “Concerning Zarathushtra”, p. 123
• R. GYSELEN, “Sceaux administratifs sassanides : suppléments et compléments”, p. 125-141
• Oleg Fedorovich Akimushkin (1929-2010), p. 145-147
• Mahmoud Rouholamini (1928-2011), p. 149-151
Comptes rendus, p. 137-158
• AYNI, Sadriddin, Yoddoshtho, ed. B. Rahmatov, Dushanbe, 2009, 142p. ISBN : 978-99947-33-15-6, par Evelin Grassi
• BABAIE, Susan, Isfahan and its Palaces. Statecraft, Shi‘ism and the Architecture of Conviviality in Early Modern Iran, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 2008, 476p. ISBN : 978-0-7486-3375-3, par Francis Richard
• BERNARDINI, Michele, Mémoire et propagande à l’époque timouride, Studia Iranica Cahier 37 / Conférénces d’Études iraniennes “Ehsan et Latifeh Yarshater” 3, Paris : Association pour l’Avancement des Études Iraniennes, 2008, ISBN : 978-2-910640-23-1, par Colin P. Mitchell
• BLOW, Daniel, Shah Abbas. The Ruthless King Who Became an Iranian Legend, I.B. Tauris, Londres-New York, 2009. ISBN : 978-1-84511-989-8, par Jean Calmard
• VAHABZADEH, Peyman, A guerrilla Odyssey. Modernization, secularism, democracy, and the Fadai period of national liberation in Iran, 1971-1979, Syracuse NY, Syracuse University Press, 2010, ISBN : 978-0-8156-3243-6, par Yann Richard
Vol. 40/2 (2011)
• M. TERRIER, “Quṭb al-Dīn Ashkevari, un philosophe méconnu de la renaissance safavide”, p. 171-209
Among the innumerable philosophers who lived during the Safavid Renaissance, Quṭb al-Dīn Ashkevarī (d. ca. 1680) remains a neglected figure. The significance of his encyclopaedia of the wise known as Maḥbūb al-qulūb was put forward by Henry Corbin and several other historians of the Islamic philosophy, yet there is but little reliable information about his training, work and death, like the one that presents him as a disciple of the famous Mīr Dāmād. The article is first meant to revive the history of the Safavide kingdom, its religious trends and institutions, its philosophical and mystical movements, a history that partly produced our author. Then, it dwells upon the ongoing edition of Maḥbūb al-qulūb that comprises the author’s autobiographical note, so as to throw some light on his intellectual personality, and reassess some available data about him. What appears is the figure of a Shī‘ite thinker of a double lineage, Iranian and Arabian, with a passion for philosophy so as for oniromancy, with lively mystical and traditionalist tendencies, maintaining an ambiguous relation to the theological-political authorities. His reconstructed bibliography comes to conclude this philosophical portrait which is a singular reflection of the inherent paradoxes of the Safavide Shī‘ism.
Keywords : Shī‘ism ; Safavids ; philosophy ; Sufism ; Isfahan school ; Mīr Dāmād.
• D. DURAND-GUÉDY, “Where did the Saljuqs live ? A case study based on the reign of sultan Mas‘ūd b. Muḥammad (1134-1152)”, p. 211-258
This article aims to spatialize Saljūq rule on the basis of a detailed analysis of the reign of Mas‘ūd b. Muḥammad (r. 1134-1152). The sultan, highly mobile, practised a kind of ‘political nomadism’ which enabled him to maintain the loyalties essential to his rule. At the end of his reign, the pattern of travel became more complex as Mas‘ūd attempted to regain direct control of Azerbaijan in addition to Jibāl and Iraq. At another level, the sultan remained outside the cities proper, preferring to stay with his emirs in a military camp at a variable distance from the inhabited areas. Finally, palaces were probably used only for ceremonial purposes, while the tent remained the sultan’s permanent dwelling place. Thus, a century after the Saljūq conquest of Iran, Mas‘ūd’s lifestyle was still very close to that of his forefathers, which means that at least in this regard, the acculturation of the dynasty was very limited.
Keywords : Saljūqs ; city ; Hamadan ; nomadism ; tent ; camp.
• A. T. AHMED, “Aux origines du čahārpāre”, p. 259-282
In the second decade of the 20th century, a new poetic form came into being in the Persian language. The čahārpāre, as it is referred to nowadays, appeared at a critical time in Iranian literary history. It developed in the context of the “Literary Revolution”, which would later give rise to modern Persian poetry. Claimed by two antagonist parties—the “Conservative” and the “Progressivist” poets—this surge of literary rejuvenation was characterized, among other things, by the increased influence of Western poetry. The characteristics of this new type of poem have not raised much scholarly attention as of yet. The present article aims to show that, in its origins, the čahārpāre embodied the main issues of its time. Inspired by the French quatrain—a form unknown to the Persian tradition—it accomplished a certain ideal of the Iranian “Literary revolution”: that of the “Conservative” reformists, followers of Victor Hugo and of the French Romantics.
Keywords : čahārpāre ; Rašid Yāsami ; Malek oš-Šo‘arā Bahār ; Victor Hugo ; Majalle-ye Dāneškade ; “Literary Revolution” ; Modern Persian poetry.
• Ch. JULLIEN, “Les chrétiens déportés dans l’empire sassanide sous Šābūr Ier. A propos d’un récent article”, p. 285-293
• Ch. BARATIN, “Note de lecture à propos des monnaies indo-scythes et indo parthes”, p. 295-304
• Iraj Afshar (1925-2011), p. 307-312
Comptes rendus, p. 315-322
• BOHAS, Georges, & Florence HELLOT-BELLIER, Les Assyriens du Hakkari au Khabour. Mémoire et histoire, Paris : Geuthner, 2008. ISBN 978-2-7053-3805-5, par Francis Richard.
• BREND, Barbara, Muhammad Juki’s Shahnamah of Firdausi, London : RAS, 2010. ISBN 978-0-85667-672-7, par Francis Richard.
• KOHLBERG, Etan, & Mohammad Ali AMIR-MOEZZI, eds., Revelation and Falsification : The Kitāb al-qirā’āt of Aḥmad b. Muḥammad al-Sayyārī, Leiden-Boston : Brill, 2009, ISBN 978-90-04-16782-7, par Andrew J. Newman.
• TALEGHANI, Mahmoud, dir., La Maison Amini. Patrimoine de l’architecture rurale du Guilan plaine centrale, Téhéran : IFRI-IRACI [Bibliothèque iranienne, 68], 2010, ISBN 978-2-909961-44-6, par Jean-Pierre Digard.
Tables décennales des volumes 31-40 (années 2002-2011), p. 321
Table des matières du volume 40, p. 341